The retirement savings account (RSA) membership distribution data for Q2 2017 reflected that 7,589,936 workers are registered under the pension scheme compared to 7,493,590 registered workers in Q1 2017 out of a total working population of 69,470,901 (data for Q2 2017 will be updated as soon as it is available) recorded as at Q4 2016. This represents 10.93% of the total working population. This is not surprising given the largely informal structure of the Nigerian labour force with about 50% of the current workforce engaged in subsistence agriculture and informal trading. Micro businesses for example account for over 90% of total Micro, Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Nigeria.
Further disaggregation of RSA membership reveals that of a total male working population of 36,363,042 only 5,391,887 or 14.83% male workers are registered under the pension scheme as at Q2 2017 compared to 5,328,035 or 14.65% registered male workers in Q1 2017. Similarly, only 2,198,049 or 6.64% out of a total female working population of 33,107,859 are registered under the scheme as at Q2 2017 compared to 2,165,555 or 6.54% registered female workers in Q1 2017. Accordingly, out of the 7,589,936 RSA members, 71.04% were men and 28.96% were women compared to 71.10% men and 28.90% women in Q1 2017. This can be compared with the gender split of the working population which has 52.3% men and 47.7% women.
RSA membership is dominated by the Private sector. The Federal level had 1,898,199 registered RSA members under the national pension scheme as at Q2 2017 of which 1,384,579 or 72.94% were male and 513,620 or 27.06% were female compared to 1,889,143 registered RSA members of which 1,378,382 or 72.96% were male and 510,761 or 27.04% were female in Q1 2017. This may indicate that there are a lot more male employees in the Federal public service than female.
At the State (including local government) level, 1,537,138 State public workers are registered under the national pension scheme with 863,605 or 56.18% male and 673,533 or 43.82% female as at Q2 2017 compared to 1,525,748 registered public workers of which 858,365 or 56.26% were male and 667,383 or 43.74% were female in Q1 2017. This may indicate that the Federal Public Service is larger than that of all 36 States combined and similar to the Federal service, men dominate with respect to number of employees.
Private firms had 4,154,599 registered RSA members under the pension scheme as at Q1 2017 of which 3,143,703 or 75.67% were male and 1,010,896 or 24.33% were female compared to 4,078,699 registered RSA members of which 3,091,288 or 75.79% were male and 987,411 or 24.21% were female in Q1 2017.
The highest number of registered working population came from the age bracket of 30-39yrs and closely followed by the working population within the age bracket of 40-49yrs and 50-59yrs. This is expected considering ages 25- 44 account for about 55% of the total working population.
However, the least number of registered working population came from above 65yrs and 60-65yrs age bracket.