2017. As President Buhari recently described it, 2017 was a difficult year. The President was ill and on medical vacation for much of the first half of the year. In his words, “I have never been so sick.” His bouncing back to good health in August coincided with the emergence of the economy from five quarters of recession.
In the first half of the year, the President launched the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP), and Vice President Osinbajo (as Acting President) signed the 2017 Budget into law. (That Budget Proposal was submitted to the National Assembly by President Buhari in December 2016, but was not passed into law by the National Assembly until May 2017).
To recap, 2017 was the year in which:
1. Nigeria exited its worst recession in decades. After five quarters of negative growth, the economy bounced back into positive territory. Agriculture was one of the stars of 2017, posting consistent growth levels even throughout the recession. Also, Inflation fell for ten consecutive months during 2017 (February to November).
2. Thstabilizedabilised against the dollar, after the Central Bank introduced a new forex window for Investors and Exporters. The stability has attracted billions of dollars in portfolio investments since April 2017.
3. On the back of a stable Naira and increased investment inflows, Nigeria’s stock market emerged one of the best-performing in the world, delivering returns in excess of 40 percent.
4. Nigeria saw bumper food harvests, especially in rice, whose local production continues to rise significantly (States like Ebonyi, Kebbi, Kano leading the pack, with Ogun joining at the end of 2017). The price of a 50kg bag of rice – a staple in the country – has fallen by about 30 percent since the beginning of 2017, as local production has gone up.
5. The Federal Government launched a 701 billion Naira Intervention Fund (‘Payment Assurance Programme’) aimed at supporting power generation companies to meet their payment obligations to gas and equipment suppliers, banks and other partners. The impact is being felt, the amount of power being distributed is now currently steady at around 4,000MW – higher than previously recorded.
6. The Federal Government began paying pensions to police officers who were the granted Presidential pardon in 2000 after serving in the former Biafran Police during the Nigerian Civil War. These officers, and their next of kin, have waited for their pensions for 17 years since the Presidential pardon.
7. Nigeria rose 24 places on the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business rankings, and earned a place on the List of Top 10 Reformers in the world. As part of efforts to entrench an enabling environment for business in Nigeria, the National MSME Clinics initiative engaged and provided support to 364,028 MSMEs across 11 States in 2017.
8. Nigeria’s foreign exchange reserves grew by $12 billion, reaching the highest level since 2014. Nigeria also added, in 2017, an additional $250m to its Sovereign Wealth Fund (making a total of $500m added since the Buhari administration took office). Also, Nigeria’s trade balance crossed over into surplus territory, from a deficit in 2016.
9. Nigeria successfully issued two Eurobonds (US$4.5bn), a Sukuk Bond (100 billion Naira), a Diaspora Bond (US$300m), and the first Sovereign Climate Bond (‘Green Bond’) in Africa, raising billions of dollars for infrastructure spending.
10. The Federal Government launched a Tax Amnesty scheme (the Voluntary Assets and Income Declaration Scheme, VAIDS) expected to raise hundreds of millions of dollars in additional revenues when it closes in March 2018.
11. The Federal Government successfully commenced implementation of a Whistleblowing Programme that has so far seen recoveries of tens of millions of dollars.
12. The Social Investment Programme – Nigeria’s most ambitious social welfare programme ever – rolled out across dozens of states. Currently, 5.2 million primary school children in 28,249 schools in 19 states are being fed daily; 200,000 unemployed graduated enlisted into the Npower Job Scheme, a quarter of a million loans already distributed to artisans, traders, and farmers; and more than 280,000 people benefited from the Cash Transfer programme across 21 States.
13. The number of Nigerians facing food insecurity in the northeast dropped by half, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
14. The Nigeria Customs Service recorded its highest-ever revenue collection, crossing the One Trillion Naira (N1,000,000,000,000) mark. [The target for 2017 was 770 billion Naira (N770,573,730,490); 2016 Collection was just under 900 billion (N898,673,857,431.07)]
15. The Joint Admissions and Matriculations Board (JAMB), under the new management appointed by President Buhari in 2016, remitted 7.8 billion Naira to the coffers of the Federal Government. The total amount remitted by JAMB between 2010 and 2016 was 51 million Naira.
16. 2017 was also the Year of Nigeria’s Agriculture Revolution, embodied by the successes of the Presidential Fertiliser Initiative (PFI) and the Anchor Borrowers Programme. More than a dozen moribund fertilizer blending plants were revived under the PFI this year.
17. Finally, 2017 will be the Year that laid the foundation for a 2018 that will be Nigeria’s Year of Infrastructure. A number of important infrastructure projects, in power, rail and road, are scheduled to come on-stream or inch close to completion next year.