It goes without saying that India and China are immense countries with vast populations. Yet while they are broadly as populous as one another, there is a gulf between their respective living standards: Chinese GDP per capita is well around $8,500, while India’s is lagging at around $2,000.
In 1950, the population of China was 543 million. While the population of India was 376 million. China crossed one billion mark in 1982 and India in 1998. By 2033, India will cross the 1.5 billion mark.
Both countries have lower female population compare to male. According to world bank 2013, Female population sharing of India is slightly greater than China. Female account for 48.29% of total India’s population. For China, this figure is 48.17%. In the list of 193 countries, India is at 185th place and China is at 186th place.
Population growth (2013) of India is 1.2% while Population growth of China is 0.5%. Fertility rate (2012) of India is 2.5 and of China is 1.7.
The population density of India is 367 person per square km compared to 142 of China. So, India is 2.58 times denser than China. China is 4th and India is 7th largest country in terms of area.
Although India’s economy is picking up, particularly under the incumbent Narendra Modi, China’s economic boom has outstripped the former’s many times over. The reasons for this are complex and various; however, back in 1950 India and China were in roughly the same position, with respectively 4.2% and 4.5% of global GDP.
Although China’s history has indeed been bloodier – with up to 100 million people killed by Chairman Mao – India’s politics has been dominated by sterile politics that for many decades moved nowhere. Meanwhile, since the opening up of China under Deng Xiaoping, more than 700 million Chinese have been lifted out of poverty.
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