GCR Affirms Ardova Plc’s Issuer Rating; Stable Outlook

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06 July 2021 – GCR Ratings (GCR) has affirmed the national scale long and short term Issuer ratings of A-(NG) and A2(NG) respectively, assigned to Ardova Plc, with the Outlook accorded as Stable. Concurrently, the ratings assigned to the Series 1 Bonds have been affirmed at A-(NG), with a Stable Outlook.

Rating Rationale

The ratings of Ardova Plc (Ardova) reflects its strong competitive position in the Nigerian oil and gas downstream sector, solid earnings performance through the cycle and moderately strong credit protection metrics and capital structure. These are balanced against the inherently high liquidity requirements in the sector, and GCR’s concerns on the shareholding structure.

Ardova’s strong business profile is underpinned by its integration along the value chain. Thus, while the Company’s core operations consist of a network of over 450 retail outlets well spread across key cities in Nigeria, it benefits from backward integration through its parent, Prudent Energy and Services Limited, which is able to import and store fuel, as well as managing the full logistics operation through in-house subsidiaries.

Ardova Plc 9M'20 - Expansion drive to yield benefits amid deregulation
Ardova Plc 9M’20 – Expansion drive to yield benefits amid deregulation – www.brandspurng.com

The successful acquisition of Enyo Retail and Supply Limited (Enyo), with additional 93 retail outlets, should help capture a stronger market share.

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Other key competitive advantages related to the ongoing expansion of non-PMS product lines, including liquified petroleum gas, bitumen, and lubricants (through an upgrade of lubes blending plant and exclusive distribution rights to Chevron and Shell lubes).

Although GCR has adopted a standalone credit analysis, we recognise Ardova’s position as an important component of the Group (48% and 44% of consolidated revenue and EBITDA respectively in FY20). Accordingly, a slight negative adjustment has been applied to group support to account for the perceived higher risks within the Group’s operations, compared to Ardova.

GCR takes cognisance of the well-constituted Board of directors (separate from the parent) with credible strategic goals, an experienced senior management team, and the public listing status of Ardova, albeit the weaker governance structure at the ultimate group level does constrain the ratings somewhat. Positive adjustment to this assessment is dependent on a demonstrable stronger governance structure at the group level.

The robust earnings growth has been supportive to the ratings, underpinned by the strong revenue progression in PMS (due to higher volumes and price increase), which accounted for around 80% of FY20 revenue.

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While the other product lines are expected to expand over the medium term, earnings concentration to PMS will remain. As PMS pricing is closely regulated, the profit margin is narrow, with little headroom to manage earnings variability. Accordingly, earnings margins have been reported slightly below the peer average of 3.3%, due to the lesser contribution from lubes (compared to Total Nigeria Plc and Eterna Plc).

While GCR expects some marginal enhancement, underpinned by the anticipated growth in other product lines, this margin will likely remain below 5% over the rating horizon, in line with the industry norm.

Leverage and capital structure are deemed neutral to the ratings primarily due to the reduction in gross debt from N34.8bn at FY17 to N9bn at FY20. This has supported the substantial improvement in net debt to EBITDA to around 1.24x in FY20 (period average 3.66x).

Although debt is expected to more than double to around N20bn in FY21-22, GCR anticipates that the metric would remain at the 1.8x-2.2x range on the back of an increase in absolute EBITDA. This is offset against the historically low-interest coverage, albeit expected to widen slightly to the intermediate range of 5.5x-7.5x over the rating horizon due to the supportive interest rate environment.

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Operating cash flow coverage of debt is expected to contract slightly (but remain moderate) due to working capital pressures. GCR takes cognisance of Ardova’s access to diverse funding sources and the low currency risks, but this weighs against the short maturity on all debt. The imminent bond issuance should help spread the maturity profile over the longer term.

The ratings are somewhat constrained by the liquidity assessment, with sources versus uses of cash calculated to register around 1.34x over the next 12 to 18 months. Liquidity is underpinned by cash holdings of around N2.4bn at FY20 and N6.8bn committed facilities, as well as anticipated strong cash flows. This will be augmented by the anticipated bond issue which will be utilised to settle the Enyo acquisition cost and other CAPEX requirements.

Outlook Statement

The Stable Outlook reflects GCR’s expectation that sound earnings will be sustained over the rating horizon, which should cushion the impact of the anticipated increase in debt on leverage metrics. We also envisage that the intermediate liquidity assessment will continue to be supported by good operating cash flows and the Company’s strong relationships with lenders.

Rating Triggers

The positive rating action is only likely over the medium term, contingent upon achieving consistently stronger earnings and cash flows above the industry average. This should allow Ardova the resources to fund a larger portion of its operations internally, thus reducing reliance on debt.

The ratings could be downgraded if:

  1. there is material and sustained earnings shock which impacts profitability and substantially impacts the debt service metrics
  2. Ardova is unable to raise sufficient funding to meet short term maturities and CAPEX commitments
  3. liquidity coverage falls below 1.25x due to higher recourse to short term debt or cost overrun on expansion projects.

Ratings History

Rating classReviewRating scaleRatingOutlookDate
Long Term IssuerInitialNationalA-(NG)StableJune 2016
Short Term IssuerInitialNationalA1-(NG)
Long Term IssueInitialNationalA-(NG)StableDecember 2016
Long Term IssuerLastNationalA-(NG)StableDecember 2020
Short Term IssuerLastNationalA2(NG)
Long Term IssueLastNationalA-(NG)StableDecember 2020
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