IMD Report ranks top Companies by Resilience to Crisis

  • The world’s largest Finance and Auto companies ranked against their competitors by their likelihood of survival released today in the Future Readiness Indicator 2022
  • Retail banks trump fintech companies this year in contrast to last year, with J.P. Morgan climbing ten spots, Block lands in 6th place behind stalwart banks
  • Tesla dominates the Auto industry rankings but Chinese BYD is in close pursuit
  • Singapore’s DBS surges up the ranks, Asian performance lags behind USA


In the Automotive industry, Tesla dominates again this year, Toyota ranks second, and Volkswagen comes in third. This year, the ranking introduced four new companies. Three are EV producers, Chinese XPeng, Li Auto, and Rivian, and industry stalwart Suzuki although along with Renault, they rank at the very bottom, taking the last two spots of the global ranking.

Chinese EV producers, XPeng and Li Auto, at 12th and 14th places, are performing better than industry heavyweights Audi (15th) and Nissan (19th).

The sharpest climber, BYD, jumps nine places to the 5th position this year. An early mover in EV, they stopped creating combustion engine vehicles and are now 100% electric. The company is also one of the rare automakers producing its own chips. In addition, BYD has 40% of its sales outside its home base in China, resulting in a big jump in its business diversity factor.

The industry winner remains Tesla, but quickly catching up are Hyundai and BYD, both have steadily increased in future readiness over the past few years, and they are not only strong in EV but also demonstrate strong electronics capabilities. In the case of BYD, its stellar surge reflects how the global semiconductor shortages have exposed the importance of having chipset manufacturing capabilities in-house. NIO is a newcomer, and as recently as 2016, BYD ranked 18th. Their 2021 rankings –13th for NIO and 14th for BYD – suggest that these two companies are poised to survive future crises and achieve continuous growth.

Interestingly, to an extent, Toyota, Nio, and even Tesla ranked surprisingly poorly on gender diversity, whereas Harley-Davidson (17th) and Ford Motor (7th) ranked highest on this metric.

Navigating the chip shortage and supply chain threats

The research finds that industry convergence is seen where the gap widens between traditional and EV. The analysis reveals that most traditional automakers, despite mechanical expertise, share conservative views and are relatively unsuited to address vehicle electrification, connectivity, and autonomous driving. Still, the most valuable know-how for the future is not just EVs anymore but capacities in software and electronics for automakers. As seen with self-driving public buses in the UK soon to trial, the future resilience of the auto industry hinges on autonomous vehicles and electronic transport – but most importantly, self-reliance on electronics, heightened by the global chips shortage.

The second-ranking Toyota had prepared itself by stockpiling chips, and Toyota avoided the worst of the disruption and reclaimed the position of world’s largest automaker.

During the chip shortage, Tesla’s expertise in programming allowed it to rewrite its firmware, continue production, and sell a record number of vehicles. Tesla was future-ready before they ever built their first car.

Renault remains in last place. Its recent turmoil has cast constraints on the company’s capital expenditure, allowing for less effort into research and development than its peers.

As COVID-19 repercussions on the economy recede slowly, the industry grapples with equally turbulent new threats. Fuel prices will accelerate the energy transition to electronic parts and battery availability for the auto industry. Suppose the pandemic, which triggered a surge in purchasing of goods, caused the global supply chain to buckle. In that case, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and China’s continuing zero-Covid policy risk is breaking it completely.

Global supply chains are too complex and interconnected to be immune to shocks, especially as seismic as a worldwide pandemic or wars. Therefore, new capacities force companies to adopt novel strategies to keep goods moving. Today, backlogs and breakdowns are the new normal, making getting ahead of disruptions as early as possible more crucial than ever for future-readiness.

Automotive Industry methodology

The Indicator included the top 22 automakers based on $6.2 billion to $284.4 billion revenue and ranks against data from 2010 to March 2022. We added three young EV makers, XPeng, Li Auto, and Rivian, whose revenue is relatively small but high market value, into this year’s ranking.

The rankings results are based on objective measurements to reach a composite score via an AI-driven algorithm to compare against the industry average. It uses hard data to rank companies against critical drivers of innovation: Financial Fundamentals, Investors’ Expectations of Future Growth, Employee Diversity/ESG, Research & Development, Early Results of Innovation, Business Diversity, and Cash and Debts. The data period for the ranking is from 2016 through March 2022

ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance)

This year’s Indicator results consider companies’ ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) performance in the ranking. This includes the gender diversity of the board and executive teams and diversity in leadership mindset, which correlates to better innovation in companies. This metric also considers the country’s competitiveness of each company’s headquarters to gauge the ease of doing business and governance.

Looking at Tesla’s ESG score as an example, it’s governance controversies as reported by the media. Although Tesla has acquired its green credentials for electric vehicles, it scores poorly on the overall ESG because of chief executive Elon Musk’s governance style.

Gender diversity and inclusion boosts future-readiness

This year’s Indicator includes the influence of female board-level executives and mid-senior managers on a company’s future-readiness. The results reveal that most industries are going through an industry convergence seen as colliding trends. The ranking considers diversity in gender, nationality, and mindset of executives playing an increasingly influential role in corporate success – outperforming their competitors and being more resilient.

The trend sees the limited capacity of an overly homogenous company to reinvent when too many employees come from the same background, whether in terms of CEO mindset or gender, and critical mass is the tipping point to success.

China’s BYD and Volkswagen rank highly in gender diversity among the auto companies, while Nissan and Kia are the opposite. In financial services, DBS Bank and JP Morgan have performed well in this area, allowing their future-readiness score to be the highest among banks. However, HSBC and Credit Suisse perform poorly in diversity.

Overall, the 2022 Future Readiness Indicator draws the following lessons for corporations to navigate:

1) Supply chain game-changer: from transparency in 2021 to resilience in 2022

Despite economic volatility, industry convergence is accelerating. Compared to last year, Tesla’s readiness score surges far ahead of other carmakers in the auto industry. Last year’s Toyota at #2 commands a total score of 77.9. This year, Toyota remains at #2, but the overall score drops to 64.5. What’s needed even more urgently is for carmakers to build up capabilities in electronic components and software. Last year Toyota stockpiled to keep the lights on – but it isn’t effective in the long- term. Digitizing the supply chain might have sufficed during the Covid pandemic as the industry adjusted supply to new demands. In 2022, it’s about supply chain resilience not just supply chain transparency.

2) The changing game for growth strategy: from a deep singular market in 2021 to broad, diverse geography in 2022

With the increasing tension of geopolitics, companies must diversify away from individual country risks. As growth slows down across the board, the company’s readiness is reflected in the development quality. Specifically, it’s whether a company can diversify its reliance from a single geographic market. BYD, for example, is not only vital in electronics and batteries, and those are the capabilities for future mobility. But it has, like other top-ranking companies, increasingly diversified its revenue sources across broader geographic regions. The combination of new capabilities and diversification propels these companies to climb up the rank for 2022 and beyond.

3) The changing risk appetite: from growth at all costs in 2021 to stewardship in 2022

Last year’s pandemic has pulled up much of the future demand, and that one-off driver has been depleted. Fintech is dropping in its ranking, including Block and PayPal. We see big banks like JP Morgan Chase or DBS surging up this year’s rankings in their place. But the top-ranking companies remain Mastercard and Visa. Their speed of decision is high – similar to the tech sector. And at the same time, they can forge strategic partnerships with big banks and Fintech at the same time. With healthy balance sheets, these are the winning behaviours to adopt in 2022.

4) The (un)changing definition of future readiness: from resource abundance to scarcity

The top-ranking companies all share similar capabilities relevant for future survival. During the pandemic in 2021, top-ranking companies succeeded in helping people to work from home (Zoom) or be entertained (Netflix), or shop (PayPal). In 2022, executives need to assume better resource scarcity, driven by rising interest rates and the slowing economy. Top ranking companies succeeded by going back to the basics: cost control, risk diversification, pursuing growth carefully and handling government regulations.

In 2022, both quality and size of earnings matter. As recession is a possibility, those who can navigate the next crisis when it comes will be more likely to achieve a robust financial balance sheet and an unparalleled growth trajectory.

Notes to editors:

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About The Institute for Management Development (IMD)

The Institute for Management Development (IMD) develops leaders who transform organizations and contribute to society. IMD is an independent academic institution with Swiss roots and international reach, established by business leaders for business leaders. Led by an expert, diverse faculty, IMD delivers Real Learning Real Impact through a unique combination of teaching, research, coaching, and advisory services. Challenging what is and inspiring what could be, IMB is the trusted learning partner of choice for ambitious individuals and organizations.


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