Nigeria’s Inflation Rises To 20.52% After Almost 20 Years — NBS Report

Nigeria Core Inflation Rate Rise To Highest Level In 5 Years
Nigeria’s Inflation Surged To 20.52% In August 2022

The consumer price index (CPI), which measures the rate of change in prices of goods and services, surged to 20.52 percent in August 2022, up from 19.64 percent in the previous month.

Brand Spur Nigeria reports that this represents the highest rate since October 2005, as sighted in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) report by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) on Thursday.

According to the report, the rate was 3.52 percent higher than the 17.01 percent recorded in August 2021.

“In August 2022, on a year–on–year basis, the headline inflation rate was 20.52%. This was 3.52% points higher compared to the rate recorded in August 2021, which was (17.01%). This shows that the headline inflation rate increased in the month of August 2022 when compared to the same month in the preceding year (i.e.August 2021). Meaning that in August 2022, the general price level was 3.52% higher relative to August 2021”.

The report made available to Brand Spur Nigeria states that increases were recorded in all classifications of individual consumption according to purpose (COICOP) divisions that yielded the headline index.

“On a month-on-month basis, the headline inflation rate in August 2022 was 1.77 percent, this was 0.05 percent lower than the rate recorded in July 2022 (1.82 percent). This means that in August 2022 the headline inflation rate (month–on–month basis) declined by 0.05 percent,” the report reads.

“The percentage change in the average CPI for the twelve months period ending August 2022 over the average of the CPI for the previous twelve months period was 17.07 percent, showing a 0.47 percent increase compared to 16.60 percent recorded in August 2021.”

The report added that food inflation rose to 23.12 percent in August 2022 on a year-on-year basis, representing a 2.82 percent increase when compared to 20.30 percent in August 2021.

“This rise in the food inflation was caused by increases in prices of bread and cereals, food products like potatoes, yam and other tubers, fish, meat, oil and fat,” it added.

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“On a month-on-month basis, the food inflation rate in August was 1.98 percent, this was a 0.07 percent decline compared to the rate recorded in July 2022 (2.04 percent).

“This decline is attributed to the reduction in prices of some food items like tubers, garri, local rice, and vegetables.

“The average annual rate of food inflation for the twelve-month period ending August 2022 over the previous twelve-month average was 19.02 percent, which was a 1.48 percent decline from the average annual rate of change recorded in August 2021 (20.50 percent).”

The report further analyzed price movements for states, Anambra and Ondo were the highest.

“In August 2022, food inflation on a year-on-year basis was highest in Kwara (30.80 percent), Ebonyi (28.06 percent) and Rivers (27.64 percent), while Jigawa (17.77 percent), Zamfara (18.79 percent) and Oyo (19.80 percent) recorded the slowest rise on year-on-year food inflation.

“On a month-on-month basis, however, August 2022 food inflation was highest in Anambra (3.05 percent), Ondo (2.92 percent), and Bauchi (2.78 percent), while Yobe (0.46 percent), Oyo (0.89 percent) and Delta (0.94 percent) recorded the slowest rise on month-on-month inflation.”

Also, the urban inflation rate stood at 20.95 per cent, 3.36 per cent higher than the 17.59 per cent recorded in August 2021. The rural inflation rate in August 2022 was 20.12 per cent on a year-on-year basis; 3.69 per cent higher than the 16.43 per cent recorded in August 2021

About Consumer Price Index (CPI)

This Digital News Platform understands that the CPI measures the average change over time in the prices of goods and services consumed by people for day-to-day living. The construction of the CPI combines economic theory, sampling, and other statistical techniques using data from other surveys to produce a weighted measure of average price changes in the Nigerian economy.

The weighting occurs to capture the importance of the selected commodities in the entire index. The production of the CPI requires the skills of economists, statisticians, computer scientists, data collectors, and others.