Earlier this morning, the National Bureau of Statistics released the Consumer Price Index (CPI) report for September. The CPI which measures inflation increased by 13.71 per cent (year-on-year) representing 0.49% higher than the rate recorded in August 2020 (13.22%) per cent.
On a month-on-month basis, the Headline index increased by 1.48% in September 2020. This is 0.14% rate higher than the rate recorded in August 2020 (1.34%).
The percentage change in the average composite CPI for the twelve months period ending September 2020 over the average of the CPI for the previous twelve months period was 12.44%, showing 0.21 per cent point from 12.23% recorded in August 2020.
Food Inflation Index Remain Pressured
The composite food index rose by 16.66% in September 2020 compared to 16.00% in August 2020.
This rise in the food index is attributable to the increase in prices of Bread, Cereals, meat and other tubers following the continuous border closure and delayed planting season as a result of the COVID-19 lockdown in the first half of the year.
On a month-on-month basis, the food sub-index increased by 1.88% in September 2020, up by 0.21.
High Prices to be worsened by expansionary Monetary Policy
The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) in their last meeting voted for a downward review of the MPR by 100 bps from 12.50% to 11.5%, despite the spike in the CPI to 13.22% from 12.82% in September.
This and other expansionary measures coupled with the disbursement of COVID-19 stimulus package through the CBN development financing have contributed to the elevated level of system liquidity stimulating the bullish sentiment witnessed in the equities market between June and October.
Era of Negative Real Returns not ending Soon
With the continuous pressure on rates in the fixed income space in the midst of increasing liquidity and surge in the value of Federal Government bonds, investors are being compelled to bear with the negative real rate of returns or increase their risk appetites.
Yields at the NTB Primary Market Auction on Wednesday 14th October closed at 1.02% per annum for both 91 days and 182 days maturities while that of 364 days maturities settled at 2.04% per annum indicating a -9.5% real rate of returns. This demands a new level of risk management approach from investors and asset managers as they diversified their investment across other asset classes especially equities.
HEADLINES YOU MIGHT HAVE MISSED FROM BRAND SPUR
Worldwide smartphone sales suffered a hit during the second quarter of 2020, dropping by 20.4%. In total, 294.7 million units were sold during the three-month period compared to 370.3 million units in Q2 2019.
Freshly released Consumer Price Index (CPI) data by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showed that the annual inflation rate maintained its upward trajectory, as it further rose to 13.71% in the month of September (from 13.22% printed in August).
The late General Sani Abacha was a Nigerian army general and dictator who ruled Nigeria from 1993 until his death in 1998. The Sani Abacha administration period had a boom in the country’s federal exchange reserve from $494 million in 1993 to $9.6 billion by the middle of 1997 and the administration also reduced the external debt of Nigeria from $36billiom in 1993 to $27 billion by 1997.
The consumer price index, (CPI) which measures inflation rate increased by 13.71 percent (year-on-year) in September 2020. This is 0.49 percent points higher than the rate recorded in August 2020 (13.22) percent. The 13.71 per cent inflation recorded in September is the highest increase so far recorded in the last 32 months as increase in food- prices continue to worsen.