The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) reported that the headline Inflation rate sustained its uptrend for the 16th consecutive month to 15.75% in December 2020 (from 14.89% printed in November).
The increase in the inflation rate was caused by continuing pressure on the food and non-food index. Food inflation jumped to 19.56%(from 18.30% in November) driven by higher prices due to the festivities and higher logistics cost; albeit, the partial re-opening of the land borders in December should have helped in easing the inflationary pressures for December.
Imported food index also upped by 16.64% (higher than 16.54% in November) amid depreciation of the Naira – specifically, two months moving average foreign exchange rates at the BDC and Parallel market rose y-o-y by 1.44% and 1.54% to N468.45/USD and N475.43/USD respectively in December 2020.
Similarly, the core inflation rate climbed to 11.37% (from 11.05% in November) caused by an increase in passenger transport in air, medical services, hospital services, pharmaceutical products amid others.
On a monthly basis, headline inflation rose to 1.61% in December (from 1.60% in November).
Notably, monthly food inflation rose to 2.05% in December (from 2.04% in November) as prices of bread, cereals, potatoes, yam and meats, amongst others, increased while Core inflation rate increased to 1.10% (from 0.71% in November) amid higher clothing and footwear (+0.28%), transportation costs (+0.47%) as well as housing and energy costs (+0.36%).
Meanwhile, urban and rural inflation rates rose to 16.33% and 15.20% (higher than 15.47% and 14.33%) respectively.