Dangote Cement Gets GCR’s “AAA” Rating With Stable Outlook

Dangote Cement truck drivers protest alleged mistreatment

9 July 2021 – GCR Ratings (GCR) has affirmed Dangote Cement Plc’s national scale long-term and short-term Issuer ratings of AAA(NG) and A1+(NG) respectively, with the Outlook accorded as Stable.

Concurrently, GCR has affirmed the national scale long-term Issue rating of AAA(NG) each accorded to the existing N100bn Series 1 Senior Unsecured Bonds and N50bn Series 1 (Tranche A-C) Senior Unsecured Bonds, with the Outlook accorded as Stable.

The Stable Outlook reflects GCR’s view of DCP’s robust earnings and strong cash flows, which serves to moderate the impact of external shocks and limit recourse to additional debt.

Dangote Cement truck drivers protest alleged mistreatment

Ratings History- Dangote Cement Plc

Rating classReviewRating scaleRatingOutlook/WatchDate
Long term IssuerInitialNationalAA+(NG)Stable OutlookSeptember 2016
Short Term IssuerInitialNationalA1+(NG)
N100bn Series 1 Bond Long Term IssueInitialNationalAA+(NG)Stable OutlookMay 2020
Long term IssuerLastNationalAAA(NG)Stable OutlookMarch 2021
Short Term IssuerLastNationalA1+(NG)
N100bn Series 1 Bond Long Term IssueLastNationalAAA(NG)
N50bn Series 1 Tranche A-C LT IssueInitial/LastNationalAAA(NG)

Rating Rationale

The ratings reflect Dangote Cement Plc’s (DCP) competitive position as one of Africa’s leading integrated cement manufacturers, evidenced by very strong earnings, robust cash flows and solid gearing metrics.

DCP’s ability to penetrate new markets with large-scale, modern and energy-efficient factories give it a strong competitive edge in the African market. Nevertheless, the company profile is constrained by the very high concentration of the Nigerian market, accounting for about 88% of group EBITDA and 65% of capacity at the end-March 2021.

In recent periods, DCP has increased focus on its export strategy within West and Central Africa, which should support the advancement of its competitive positioning across the African continent, albeit marginally offset by the higher risks in many of the countries it is targeting.

DCP’s market dominance has translated into very strong earnings and cash flows, with the EBITDA margin registering around 47% over the last five years, well above the industry average.

Based on the 1Q FY21 management results to 31 March 2021, the margin registered around 53% (FY20: 46%), supported by improved cement volume sales across its key markets, and its cost-control efforts with cheaper fuel mix and lower power costs. Inflationary pressure and foreign currency shortages (particularly in Nigeria) are expected to continue to weigh adversely on production costs and operating expenses, but DCP’s strong financial profile serves to moderate the impact of external shocks.

The current headroom to ramp up production volumes based on existing capacity across another market should drive strong earnings growth over the medium term while sustaining strong margins.

At 1Q FY21, gross debt declined to N426bn following part repayment of the existing obligations. This saw annualised net debt to EBITDA registered at a low 0.4x, against 0.7x recorded at FY20, indicative of strong credit protection.

Similarly, EBITDA coverage of net interest was high at 16x in 1Q FY21, from an average of 11x between FY16 and FY20. In May 2021, DCP successfully raised N50bn from the debt capital market in Series 1 Senior Unsecured Bond Issue under its N300bn Bond Issuance Programme.

Notwithstanding the additional amounts raised under the Programme, GCR expects the Group to continue to demonstrate strong financial flexibility, with net debt to EBITDA (including operating leases) expected to range between 40%-55% over the outlook period, and net interest cover projected between 10x and 15x.

The Group’s robust operating cash flow is a key mitigant against concerns of higher debt. In this regard, operating cash flow (OCF) coverage of debt registered at 166% in 1Q FY21 and should remain strong over the rating horizon.

DCP’s liquidity assessment is underpinned by the expectation that cash flows will remain strong, along with N146m in cash and N153m in unutilised committed funding lines.

Nevertheless, the assessment is somewhat constrained by the very high level of short-term debt, as well as the historically high dividend payout ratios. The uses vs. sources liquidity coverage are estimated at 1.3x over the next 12 months.

The N50bn Series 1 Senior Unsecured Bond is split into N3.64bn Tranche A, N10.45bn Tranche B and N35.91bn Tranche C, with varying interest rates and maturities in 2024, 2026 and 2028, respectively.

Being senior unsecured debt of DCP, the existing N100bn Series 1 Bond and the additional N50bn Series 1 Tranche A-C Bonds rank pari passu with all other senior unsecured creditors. As such, the Bonds will bear the same national scale long term rating as that accorded to DCP. Accordingly, any change in DCP’s long term Issuer rating would impact the Bond rating.