The cultural significance of the names of the 36 States in Nigeria.

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Nigeria as a country is blessed with diverse culture and traditions due to the number of tribes and ethnic groups. This ethnic groups and tribes have been divided into six geo-political zones that consist of 36 states. Each state has a story of how its name came about.

Here is what you need to know about the origin of the names of the 36 states:

The cultural significance of the names of the 36 States in Nigeria Brandspurng

1. Abia State

Abia is an acronym from the four main groups of people in the state at that time it was formed namely: Aba Bende Isuikwuato Afikpo.

2. Adamawa

Adamawa is a state in the northeast part of Nigeria. Adamawa was named after a warrior, Modibbo Adama Bin Ardo Hassan, that conquered the region at the beginning of the 19th century.

3. Akwa Ibom

Akwa Ibom is a state in the south-south region of Nigeria. Akwa Ibom is named after the Qua Iboe (or Kwa Iboe) River.

4. Anambra

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Anambra is a state in the southeast of Nigeria. The state got its name from the corrupted version of Oma Mbala (Ànyịm Ọma Mbala), a popular river in the area

5. Bauchi

Bauchi state is located in the northeast of Nigeria. There are three versions of how Bauchi got its name are:

  1. Bauchi’ is a Hausa word meaning the southern flanks of Hausaland. Tribes living in the southern parts of the Hausaland were referred to as “kasashen Bauchi” and the area they lived in later came to be known simply as Bauchi.
  2. The second version the state was named for Baushe, a famous hunter who settled there before the 19th century.
  3. The third states that ‘Bauchi’ is a Hausa word for slavery since it was a centre for slave raiders.

6. Bayelsa

Bayelsa is a state in the southern part of Nigeria known as Niger Delta. Bayelsa is a combination of the acronyms of three local government areas which were pulled out of old Rivers state — Brass LGA is known as BALGA, Yenegoa LGA known as YELGA and Sagbama LGA known as SALGA. The mathematics involved in the formation of their names is BA + YEL + SA = BAYELSA

7. Benue

Benue State is one of the Northcentral states located in Nigeria. The state was named after the “Europeanised” corruption of ‘Binuwe’, the Batta word for ‘Mother of Waters’.

8. Borno

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Borno State is a state located in the north-eastern part of Nigeria. The alternative name of the Kanuris, the predominant ethnic group in the state, is ‘Borno’ which gave inspiration for the naming of the state.

9. Cross River

Cross River is a state in Southern Nigeria. The state took its name from a River called Oyono or Cross River.

10. Delta

Delta State is situated in the region known as the South-South geo-political zone. The state is where the River Niger forms a delta as it enters the Atlantic Ocean. That is where the name originated from.

11. Ebonyi

Ebonyi State is in southeastern Nigeria. Ebonyi is the anglicised version of ‘Aboine’, a river that cuts through Abakaliki, the state capital.

12. Edo

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Edo State is in South-South geo-political zone. The Bini people who dwell in the area had always referred to themselves as Edo or Iduu. This inspired the name of the state

13. Ekiti

Ekiti State is located in the Southwest region of Nigeria. It was declared a state on 1 October 1996 by the then military government under head of state, General Sani Abacha.
‘Okiti’ is a term that is said to denote a settlement of many hills. It later became ‘Ekiti’.

14. Enugu

It is located in southeastern Nigeria. Due to the many hills and rocky terrain in the area, the people named it in Igbo, “Enu Ugwu” meaning “top of the hill”. The state is named after the anglicised version, Enugu.

15. Gombe

It is located in the northeastern part of Nigeria. Gombe is the dialect of Fulani language (Fulfulde) spoken in the area.

16. Imo

Imo state is located in the south-east region of Nigeria. Imo got its name from the popular river, Imo Mmiri.

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17. Jigawa

Jigawa is a state in northwestern Nigeria. Jigawa takes inspiration from its distinctively golden-coloured soil.

18. Kaduna

Kaduna is a state in Northwest Nigeria. Its capital is Kaduna. The name can be said to have originated from Kadunas’ which is the plural form of the crocodile in Hausa. The state, therefore, got its name from the many crocodiles in Kaduna River.

19. Kano

Kano State is a state located in Northern Nigeria. Kano was the name of a blacksmith from the Gaya tribe who settled in the area while sourcing for ironstone. The state was named after him.

20. Katsina

The state was named after the wife of a popular local ruler known as Janzama. Her name was Katsina.

21. Kebbi

Kebbi is a state in north-western Nigeria. The state was created out of a part of Sokoto State in 1991. It is said that Kebbi was named after the Ka’abba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.

22. Kogi

Kogi is a state in the central region of Nigeria. It is popularly called the Confluence State because of the confluence of River Niger and River Benue. Since the popular confluence in Nigeria is located in the state, Kogi is said to have been derived from ‘kogin’, the Hausa word for river

23. Kwara

Kwara is located within the North Central geopolitical zone, commonly referred to as the Middle Belt. River Niger used to be called River Kwara by the Nupes at the Northern border of the state. The state was named after this.

24. Lagos

Lagos is a state in the southwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The first set of Europeans to set foot in Lagos were the Portuguese. Due to the many lagoons and rivers in the town, they named it Lagos, which is the Portuguese word for ‘lakes’.

25. Nasarawa

Nasarawa is a state in north-central zone of Nigeria. Nassarawa is a native word for ‘victorious’. The state was named by the founder of Nasarawa kingdom, Makama Dogo.

26. Niger

Niger State is a state in North Central Nigeria known as Middle belt. This was named after the River Niger.

27. Ogun

Ogun State is a state in southwestern Nigeria. This state was also named after a river named Ogun River.

28 Ondo

Ondo State is a state in Nigeria created on 3 February 1976 from the former Western State. It originally included what is now Ekiti State, which was split off in 1996.
Ondo is a word used for settlers. The state was named after the settlers of the old Ondo Kingdom.

29. Osun

Osun state is located in the south-western part of Nigeria. This state was also named after a river called River Osun.

30. Oyo

Oyo State is located in the south-western part of Nigeria. The state was named after the great Old Oyo empire.

31. Plateau

The state was named after the picturesque Jos plateau. Jos got its name from the mispronunciation of the town ‘Gwosh’.

32. Rivers

Rivers State is located in the south-south geopolitical zone. Rivers State was named after the many water bodies present in the area.

33. Sokoto

Sokoto is located in the extreme northwest of Nigeria. Sokoto is the anglicized version of the Arabic word ‘suk’ meaning ‘market’ or ‘place of commerce’. The state itself was named after the defunct Sokoto Caliphate.

34. Taraba

Taraba is a state in North-Eastern Nigeria. Taraba state got its name from the Taraba River.

35. Yobe

Yobe is a state located in Northeast Nigeria. Komadugu Yobe (Waube or Ouobe) or River Yobe (or River of Yo) inspired the name of the state.

36. Zamfara

Zamfara is a state in northwestern Nigeria. This state was named after Zamfarawa, one of the subdialects of the Eastern Hausa group.

As can be seen above, most states in Nigeria were created out of cultural context, many named after rivers and lakes, some named after languages and people. The Nigerian states names can therefore be said to be of cultural significance to its people.

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The cultural significance of the names of the 36 States in Nigeria. - Brand SpurThe cultural significance of the names of the 36 States in Nigeria. - Brand Spur
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The cultural significance of the names of the 36 States in Nigeria. - Brand SpurThe cultural significance of the names of the 36 States in Nigeria. - Brand Spur

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Hong Kong Productivity Council Theme of the Year 2021: “Make Smart Smarter”

  • Smarter Era of Intelligent Manufacturing Launch Ceremony
  • Witnesses New Milestone for Reindustrialisation in Hong Kong


HONG KONG SAR - Media OutReach - 26 February 2021 - The Hong Kong Productivity Council (HKPC) launches a series of activities in 2021 themed "Make Smart Smarter". The campaign with "Smarter Era of Intelligent Manufacturing Launch Ceremony" was kicked off today, revolving around the theme of "reindustrialisation".


The cultural significance of the names of the 36 States in Nigeria. - Brand Spur

The "Smarter Era of Intelligent Manufacturing Launch Ceremony" was officiated together by Dr David Chung, Under Secretary for Innovation and Technology, HKSAR Government (fourth from left); Mr Clemente Contestabile, Consul General of Italy in Hong Kong (third from right); Ms Rebecca Pun, Commissioner for Innovation and Technology, HKSAR Government (second from right); Dr Daniel Yip, Chairman of the Federation of Hong Kong Industries (third from left); Mr Roberto Leone, Managing Director of NiRoTech Limited (first from right); Mr Willy Lin, Chairman of HKPC (fourth from right); Mr Mohamed Butt, Executive Director of HKPC (second from left) and Mr Edmond Lai, Chief Digital Officer of HKPC (first from left).


Co-organised by the Federation of the Hong Kong Industries (FHKI), this spotlight event exhibited and introduced an excellent example of reindustrialisation whose research and development were undertaken by HKPC. Gaining support from the Innovation and Technology Bureau and funding support from the R&D Cash Rebate Scheme of the Innovation Technology Commission of the HKSAR Government, production has been successfully commenced in NiRoTech Limited (NiRoTech), a local intelligent security product manufacturer.


This smart production line, named the "OWL" intelligent production line, gives into full play the characteristics of an owl's wisdom, piercing eyes, flexible body, soft neck (360o vision) and agile movement. These perfectly echo the key features of this intelligent production line which has high flexibility, excellent agility to cater for different production needs, stringent and precise production capacity, as well as non-stop operation. Five key "S.M.A.R.T" elements: Speed, Multi-function, Accuracy, Reliability and Traceability, can be seen in this production line offering edges of intelligence and efficiency enhancement.


In order to effectively respond to Hong Kong manufacturers' demands on production space, the "OWL" production line adopts a U-shape compact layout design and incorporates the beauty of the "Industry 4.0" (i4.0) lean manufacturing "vision", significantly reducing the factory area to meet the unique land constraints of Hong Kong. NiRoTech's smart factory only occupies 10,000 square feet, saving 50% of the land. It is also equipped with 12 robots and large amount of customised intelligent automation systems and digital technologies. Compared with traditional manual production, the overall production capacity increases by 1.5 times.


Mr Willy Lin, Chairman of HKPC, and Dr Daniel Yip, Chairman of FHKI, were joined by Mr Clemente Contestabile, Consul General of Italy in Hong Kong; Dr David Chung, Under Secretary for Innovation and Technology, Ms Rebecca Pun, Commissioner for Innovation and Technology; Mr Roberto Leone, Managing Director of NiRoTech; as well as Mr Mohamed Butt, Executive Director of HKPC and Mr Edmond Lai, Chief Digital Officer of HKPC, for the launch of the ceremony.


In his welcoming address, Mr Willy Lin, Chairman of HKPC, said, "HKPC is committed to offering staunch support for Hong Kong SMEs in technology R&D and technical aspects, with the aim of creating value for the industrial development of enterprises with state-of-the-art technologies. The 'OWL' intelligent production line is an excellent example of applying innovative technologies that also fits perfectly with HKPC's theme of this year 'Make Smart Smarter'. As owl represents wisdom, by being smarter and using innovative technologies such as IoT, AI, big data, intelligent robots and smart production processes to unleash production opportunities of i4.0, it will certainly scale up productivity and contribute to successful reindustrialisation in Hong Kong, thus achieving the goal of 'Make Smart Smarter'".


He continued, "It is really encouraging to see this 'reindustrialisation' example witnessing the concerted efforts of the Government, industries, business chambers and HKPC to promote reindustrialisation in Hong Kong! HKPC sincerely urges various sectors to work together to accelerate reindustrialisation for the swift recovery of Hong Kong economy and to ensure the "Made-in-Hong Kong" brand to continue to shine bright in the international arena -- Make Smart Smarter".


Dr David Chung, Under Secretary for Innovation and Technology, said, "the Government has been actively promoting 'reindustrialisation' in recent years by providing support in infrastructure, finance, technology and talents in order to create new area of growth and great job opportunities which would help alleviate Hong Kong's competitiveness. I wish to see more enterprises 'Make Smart Smarter', and make good use of these opportunities provided by I&T, as well as the support from the Government, to work and contribute together in turning Hong Kong into an international I&T hub".


Dr Daniel Yip, Chairman of FHKI said, "This collaboration of HKPC and NiRoTech serves as a valuable reference for industrialists on how to integrate i4.0 into production lines to enhance efficiency, elevating their confidence to set up high value-added manufacturing facilities in Hong Kong. With comprehensive policy support and HKPC's professional consultative service, FHKI believes that more Hong Kong manufacturers will join the force of 'reindustrialisation' by pursuing technological advancement and setting up smart manufacturing plants locally, taking the Hong Kong industries into a new era".


The "OWL" intelligent production line integrates the smart adoption of advanced robots with machine vision, smart electrical and mechanical devices, laser processing and sensor technologies. Also, by incorporating AI, IoT, human machine interface, real-time data collection and data analytic technologies, it ensures the full automation and digitalisation of production, assembly and monitoring to achieve big data analytics. Apart from three technologies whose patents are soon to be applied, the project also assists NiRoTech's business planning in exploring the emerging markets and grasping new opportunities.


Mr Roberto Leone, Managing Director of NiRoTech, said, "Mechatronic Manufacturing in Hong Kong: our strategy was clear from the start when we sought HKPC's assistance for help to realise intelligent production. For some, this goal was still immature and very difficult to achieve, especially with Hong Kong being chosen as our operation hub. Today we can proudly say we have achieved it with the system in Hong Kong operating satisfactorily as schedule. Despite there are challenges as the COVID-19 pandemic was affecting all in 2020, the result is now vividly in front of us, and we can touch it. Yet this is only the first step of a long journey".


For more details about "Make Smart Smarter", please visit the dedicated website: https://smarter.hkpc.org/en/index.html


About Hong Kong Productivity Council

The Hong Kong Productivity Council (HKPC) is a multi-disciplinary organisation established by statute in 1967, to promote productivity excellence through integrated advanced technologies and innovative service offerings to support Hong Kong enterprises. HKPC is the champion and expert in facilitating Hong Kong's reindustrialisation empowered by i4.0 and e4.0 -- focusing on R&D, IoT, big data analytics, AI and Robotic technology development, digital manufacturing, etc., to help enterprises and industries upgrade their business performance, lower operating costs, increase productivity and enhance competitiveness.


The Council is a trusted partner with comprehensive innovative solutions for Hong Kong industries and enterprises, enabling them to achieve resources and productivity utilisation, effectiveness and cost reduction, and enhanced competitiveness in both local and international marketplace. It offers SMEs and startups immediate and timely assistance in coping with the ever-changing business environment, accompanying them on their innovation and transformation journey.


In addition, HKPC partners and collaborates with local industries and enterprises to develop applied technology solutions for value creation. It also benefits a variety of sectors through product innovation and technology transfer, with commercialisation of multiple market-driven patents and technologies, bringing enormous opportunities abound for licensing and technology transfer, both locally and internationally.

For more information, please visit HKPC's website: www.hkpc.org.


The cultural significance of the names of the 36 States in Nigeria. - Brand Spur
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