Nigeria Loses 37% Oil Rig Capacity

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Data Is Oil, And So The Privacy In It
Data Is Oil, And So The Privacy In It

Nigeria’s ability to increase its crude oil production dropped by 37 per cent in less than three years, according to industry statistics.

Data from the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries’ September 2022 Monthly Oil Market Report revealed that the country’s oil rig count dropped to 10 in August 2022, from 16 recorded in 2019.

An oil rig is a large structure with facilities to extract and process petroleum and natural gas that lie in rock formations beneath the seabed.

A breakdown on how the decrease occurred revealed that as of 2019, Nigeria’s rig count was 16. It dropped to 11 in 2020, and further decreased to seven as of fourth quarter 2021.

By first quarter 2022, it increased to eight, and then 10 by the second quarter 2022, and moved up to 11 in July 22, before dropping to 10 last month.

Further checks on the OPEC report showed that the rig counts of other member nations of the organisation such as Algeria, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and UAE were 33, 117, 54, 27, 68 and 50 respectively.

This was as the United States oil rig count rose by four to 763 in the week to September 16, its highest since August, energy services firm Baker Hughes Co said. This, it said, puts the total rig count up to 251, or 49 per cent over this time last year.

OPEC had said demand for its crude in 2023 remained unchanged from the previous MOMR to stand at 29.8 million barrels per day, which is around 0.9 mb/d higher than what was recorded in 2022.

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Nigeria’s crude oil output fell to 900,000 barrels per day last month, according to OPEC.

The country’s crude grade, Bonny Light, also dropped by 10 per cent within the space of one month (July-August). Bonny Light which was sold for $117/b in July dropped to $106/b in August.

Nigeria’s crude oil production has been witnessing significant drop over the years from the 1.4mb/d recorded in 2020. Production gradually dropped to 1.3mb/d at the beginning of 2021, to 1.2mb/d in the first quarter of this year. As of the second quarter of this year, output dropped to 1.1mb/d, to 1mb/d in July, and 900, 000b/d last month.

Professor of Economics and Public Policy at the University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Akpan Ekpo told The PUNCH that despite crude oil retaining 80 per cent of the total trade, Nigeria should no longer rely on revenue from crude oil.

Group Chief Executive Officer, Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation Limited, Mele Kyari, blamed the country’s low crude oil outputs on theft resulting from pipeline vandalism in the Niger Delta.

Lawyer advising NNPC on oil and gas projects and transactions and partner at Bloomfield Law Practice, Ayodele Oni, advised the Federal Government to provide solutions to the oil theft challenges bedeviling the country.