- In the fiscal year 2019, the World Bank Group committed nearly $17.8 billion to climate-related investments, surpassing current targets for the second year in a row.
- Three country snapshots illustrate some of the ways climate change considerations were integrated into the project design: building climate resiliency into transportation systems in Sierra Leone; improving irrigation to address food security in Pakistan; and mitigating flood risk in Vietnamâs urban infrastructure.
- Going forward, the World Bank Group will invest and mobilize $200 billion in climate-related financing from 2021-2025, doubling what we did in the last five years and significantly ramping up support for adaptation.
The Risks of Unabated Climate Change are Mounting.
July 2019 was theÂ hottest monthÂ on earth since record-keeping began over a century ago. Heatwaves broke temperature records in Europe, and India endured a month-long heatwave with temperatures reaching 50 degrees Celsius (123 degrees Fahrenheit).
Five of the last ten strongest hurricanes in the Atlantic have occurred since 2016.Â September 2019 saw the devastation caused by Hurricane Dorian in the Bahamas, leaving almost a quarter of the population in need of immediate humanitarian relief â food, shelter and medical assistance â and estimates predicting losses of billions of dollars.
Looking ahead, climate change could depress growth in global agriculture yields up toÂ 30 per cent by 2050. 500 million small farms around the world will be the most affected. And by 2030, climate impacts could push an additionalÂ 100 million peopleÂ into poverty.
World Bank Group Support Helps Countries Both Cut Emissions and Adapt to Climate Risk.
Countries need sustainable economic growth and good development outcomes and climate change put both at risk.Â At the same time, countries can unlock new economic opportunities and jobs through climate action.Â World Bank Group support helps countries deliver on their growing demand for low-carbon, climate-resilient solutions across sectors to ensure clean air and water, healthy oceans, resilient cities, sustainable food and agriculture systems.
In theÂ Climate Change Action PlanÂ (2016-2020), the World Bank Group made a commitment to increase the climate-related share of its lending from 21% to 28% by 2020. These âclimate co-benefitsâ are counted as the portion of project financing that delivers either mitigation or adaptation benefits to project beneficiaries.Â For the second year in a row, the Bank Group has exceeded its targets, reaching 30% for the fiscal year 2019.Â This total â roughly $17.8 billion across the Group â is the result of an institution-wide effort to mainstream climate considerations into all development projects.
Climate Co-Benefits in Action: Country Snapshots from 2019
The World Bank Groupâs integration of climate smart development has taken many different forms. Here are three snapshots from 2019:
With a tropical climate that includes a rainy and dry season, as well as a coastline susceptible to sea-level rise,Â Sierra LeoneÂ has grappled with heavy rainfall and drought. FromÂ 1998 to 2018, natural disasters resulted in more than 1,200 deaths and affected more than 50,000 people. In 2019, the World Bank-financed a transportation project in the coastal Western Area Urban District, the most populous district in the country, which addressed risks posed by climate change. The project identified vulnerable corridors through hydraulic modelling and created a more robust mobility system in the event of flash floods or landslides. Improvements include increased drainage capacity, surface and pavement works, and slope stability interventions. The project also supports Sierra Leoneâs transition to a low-carbon economy by promoting the use of public transport. The direct beneficiaries of the project are Western Areaâs daily public ridership â over 75,000 people, with nearly 40 per cent women âas well as 50,000 people who benefit from more resilient roads. This project generated approximately 60% of climate co-benefits.
PakistanÂ ranks among the top 10 mostÂ climate-vulnerable countries in the world. Agriculture serves as the backbone of the economy, contributing to 19% of GDP and employing 42% of the labour force. Extreme weather events, like floods, come at a high cost. Additionally, climate impacts like the melting of the Himalayan glaciers, affect water flows into the Indus River system and threaten water supplies for food production to an already inefficient water use system. A World Bank-supported project is supporting efforts to create a more climate-resilient agriculture sector through the rehabilitation of watercourses in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The broader support to the sector includes water policy reforms that create incentives for farmers to use less water-intensive crops and ensure adequate water availability to smallholder farms. The project also introduces irrigation technologies, supports gender equity in the agriculture sector, and stimulates private sector investment. It will benefitÂ approximately 150,000 smallholder farming families, around 1.1 million people. The climate co-benefits of this project are expected to be as high as 96%.
With a population of almost 10 million people,Â Vietnamâs Ho Chi Minh City is an emerging global megacity and commercial hub that is facing serious challenges posed by rapid growth and urbanization. And as a low-lying metropolis, Ho Chi Minh City also faces a significant risk of flooding due to rising sea-levels. An IDAÂ development policy credit approved in 2019 is helping to strengthen the foundations for sustainable and resilient urban development in HCMC. This operation supports reforms to improve land use planning, fiscal governance, wastewater management, and public transportation. Reforms to the current wastewater tariff structure reduce operational and maintenance deficits while providing incentives to maintain, expand, and improve wastewater drainage to mitigate flood risk. This operation, which generates climate co-benefits of 28%, illustrates how climate considerations can also be integrated into development policy operations.
These snapshots are only a small sample of the kinds of climate co-benefits developing across World Bank operations â stay tuned for more!